This is the first in a series of short articles explaining common mistakes writers make about animals and giving cool facts about animals that might be useful for writers. Anyone who's interested in animals may also find this series interesting. Let me know what you think.
Though some authors use the terms interchangeably, reptile and amphibian are not synonymous. Reptiles have scaly, rough, dry skin, while amphibians have smooth (with the exception of toads, who have warts) and moist or slimy skin. Reptiles tend to prefer the land, though some spend most of their lives in water, while amphibians need a moist environment and many live most or all of their lives near or in water. Reptiles lay hard eggs on land, while amphibians lay soft eggs in the water. Reptiles include snakes, lizards, turtles, and alligators, while amphibians include frogs, toads, salamanders, and newts.
(c) 2012 Jonathan Garner